Rivoluzionaria Anarchica, previously known as the
Organizzazione Anarchica Pugliese,
was an Italian anarchist political movement born in the south-eastern
region of Apulia.
In 1976, the OAP changed
its name to the Organizzazione
Rivoluzionaria Anarchica (Anarchist Revolutionary Organization - ORA)
following the example of other organizations in France and Britain. In the
same year, the 1st Regional Congress of the Organizzazione
Rivoluzionaria Anarchica (ORA-Apulia) was held in Bari, which set
up branches in the bigger towns of Apulia and was well-known for its work
in local neighbourhoods, schools and universities and for its anti-fascist
work. The ORA-Apulia was a testing ground for the creation of a national
Anarchist Communist political organization in Italy. Its theoretical
positions were inspired by the 1926 Organizational Platform and by the
experiences of grassroots social movements throughout the country
following the events of 1968.
In 1978, the 1st
National Congress of the
Rivoluzionaria Anarchica was held in Bari. This saw the
participation of anarchist communists from the regions of Emilia, Lombardy
and Campania, (and later from the regions of Marches, Veneto and Piedmont)
and marked the change from a regional organization to a national level.
Organizzazione Anarchica Pugliese and