Anarchica Pugliese was an Italian anarchist political movement born in
the south-eastern region of Apulia.
In 1974, the 1st
Regional Congress of the Organizzazione
Anarchica Pugliese (OAP) was held in Bari with the participation
of Apulian groups which had been expelled from the Federazione Anarchica Italiana (FAI)
together with many other groups throughout Italy on charges of trying to
transform the FAI into an organization based on theoretical and strategic
unity and collective responsibility, along the lines established in the
1926 Organizational Platform. The OAP formed branches in the bigger towns
in Apulia and was characterized by its social work in building local
residents' committees and secondary-school and university student
networks. It developed close links with other Platform-inspired regional
organizations and tried unsuccessfully to build a national organization.
In 1976, following the
example of similar organizations in France and Britain, the OAP changed
its name to the Organizzazione
Rivoluzionaria Anarchica (ORA).